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Flora and fauna in Nepal

Flora and Fauna

Nepal is home to diverse floras and faunas simply because of its various climatic zones and geographical features. Rich in wildlife diversity, Nepal largely depends upon the varieties of animals and plants to attract many visitors. The tourism of Nepal would have been incomplete without the availability of unique and rare species of floras and faunas. To preserve this vast array of biological diversities, Nepal has successfully established several National Parks, conservation areas and reserves which have been continuously protecting the various species of animals and birds in the Nepal Himalayas.

Ever since of passing of ‘The National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 2029 B.S.’, Nepal has been establishing many national parks and reserves while increasing the number again and again. By 2017 AD, Nepal solely has formed a total of 32 protected areas; 10 national parks, 3 wildlife reserves, 6 conservation areas and 1 hunting reserve, including 10 Ramsar sites and 2 World Heritage Sites {Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park}.

The protected areas of Nepal that go all over 1,47,181 km2, the total area of Nepal, covers the savannah or the grasslands of Terai, the foothills of the Nepal Himalayas and the ecological zone of the hilly regions. The elevation in Nepal goes from as low as 70 meters above sea level to as high as 8848 meters above sea level within the small range. This extreme altitudinal gradient has created a total of 11 bio-climatic zones ranging from the tropical zone below 500m to the polar zone above 5000m in the Himalayas. The botanists have found 5160 species of flowering plants and 1120 species of non-flowering plants. Similarly, the zoologists have found 181 mammal species, 100 reptile species, 844 bird species, 43 amphibian species, 635 butterfly species and 185 fish species.

To research and protect these vast species of floras and faunas in the Nepal Himalayas, Nature Lovers Treks and Tours promises to play its part. In collaboration with the veterans in the field of wildlife conservation, we have been organizing several travel and tours in the Himalayas. You are always welcome to join us. 

Please also check our unique endangered animals tracking journey in Nepal: Tracking Snow Leopard Trek in AnnapurnaRed Panda Tracking Tour in Eastern Nepal & also our exclusive Nepal Bird Watching Tour.

Bird Watching in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Bird watching in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is considered as the best activity to do in Nepal for those who loves birds and wild lives. Established in 1976, Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve 175km2 is the habitat for the varieties of birds and animals, especially wetland for the rare species of birds.

Jungle Safari in Chitwan National Park

Jungle safari in Chitwan National Park, Asia’s most popular National Park is one of the most wonderful experiences that can be gained in Nepal. Chitwan National Park is famous for the elusive "Royal Bengal Tiger". The park habitats more than 200 One Horned Indian Rhinoceros, Deers, Bears,

Into the wild lives of Bardiya National Park

Into the wild lives of Bardiya National Park is an extraordinary journey to the heart of the habitats of abundant wild lives to explore the nature and its beautiful wild lives. Bardiya National Park is the largest and undisturbed protected area

Shuklaphanta National Park Wildlife Tour

Shuklaphanta National Park is a protected area in the Far-Western Terai Region of Nepal. The National Park covers the total area of 305 square km of open grassland, forests, rivers and tropical

Shey Phoksundo National Park

Shey Phoksundo National Park is the largest National Park of Nepal extended with the total area of 3,555 square km ranging in elevation from 2,130m to 6,885m. The National Park offers you

Bird Watching in Khaptad National Park

The landscape in the protected area consists of moorland, steep slopes and streams. One can find the grasslands and forests of subtropical, subalpine and temperate vegetation.

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